Archives for Uncategorized

Fractures

Fractures An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire A fracture is a break in a bone from a bigger impact than it can support. If the bone punctures the skin it is called an open or compound fracture, otherwise it is called a closed or simple fracture.   Fractures commonly happen because of car accidents, falls, or sports injuries, but people with low bone density or osteoporosis are more susceptible.   The main symptom is usually intense pain which gets worse when you move or touch the area. There may also be:   •
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CPR

CPR An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire If someone is unresponsive and not breathing normally:   1. Send someone to call 999 and fetch a defibrillator if available 2. Give 30 chest compressions at a rate of 100-120 per minute 3. If you are willing and able, then give 2 rescue breaths after every 30 compressions 4. Continue until help arrives, the casualty starts breathing normally or you are too exhausted to continue.   For children and drowning casualties, give 5 initial rescue breaths before starting your chest compressions. Then continue with the
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Meningitis

Meningitis An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire If you had...   • cold hands and feet   • severe headache   • fatigue   • a fever   • dislike of bright lights   • nausea   ...would you think meningitis?   These are just some of the possible early symptoms which can easily be mistaken for less serious illnesses. This image from the Meningitis Now charity gives a few more.   Meningitis is the inflammation of the meninges, which are the membranes lining the brain and spinal cord. It can be viral
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Stings

Insect Bites and Stings An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire Stings   Most insect bites and stings are not serious and will get better within a few hours or days. They will usually cause a red, swollen lump to develop on the skin which may be painful and very itchy.   But occasionally they can cause a severe allergic reaction (anaphylaxis) so it’s important to look out for any signs ‒ such as breathing difficulties or reddened, swollen itchy skin, particularly to the face or neck and call 999/112 urgently.   • If
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Strokes

Strokes and how to know the signs An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire Strokes   A stroke is a life-threatening condition which happens when the blood supply is cut off to part of the brain. A stroke can happen to anyone, young or old, and apparently fit and healthy, so it’s important to know the signs and act FAST if you see them:   • F - Is the casualty's face droopy on one side. Are they struggling to smile? Maybe their eye or mouth has dropped on one side   • A
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Head Injuries

Head Injuries An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire Head Injury   Whenever kids are running around outside it’s not unusual for them bump their heads. So do you know when to worry if they fall from a scooter, bicycle, tree or playground?   Call 999 if they:   • Become unconscious (don't cry immediately)   • Become drowsy   • Vomit repeatedly and forcefully   • Start to breathe irregularly   • Have a 'boggy swelling' which feels soft and wet   Otherwise:   • Apply a cold compress to the lump (frozen
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Ticks and Lyme Disease

Ticks and Lyme Disease An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire Ticks and Lyme Disease   We are back in tick season (predominantly spring and autumn) so it's important to know what to look out for, to avoid debilitating Lyme Disease.   Ticks can be as small as a poppy seed, so easy to miss and their bites are not painful. Therefore, if you have been outdoors, especially in long grass, please do check yourselves fully in the evening.   If you find one use a cheap tick removal tool e.g. O'Tom Twister -
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Nose bleeds

Nose bleeds An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire How to deal with nose bleeds   One of the most common misconceptions on our courses is how to deal with a nose bleed. The inside of the nose is very delicate and so nose bleeds happen when it is damaged from picking, blowing or getting too dry.   You should:   • sit them down   • tilt the head forward   • pinch the soft part of the nose for 10-15 minutes to allow the blood to clot, while breathing through the mouth.
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Diabetes

Diabetes An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire Recognising Diabetes   Diabetes is a serious lifelong condition when the body is unable to regulate the amount of sugar in the blood stream. 1 in 2 people worldwide with diabetes, do not know they have it.   Your blood sugar level is controlled by a hormone called insulin, which is produced by the pancreas. Insulin is often described as a key, which open the doors to the cells, allowing glucose to enter, where it is broken down and used as fuel for energy.   The
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Hay fever

Hay Fever An Article by Worsley Training - First Aid Training in and around Wiltshire According to Allergy UK between 10 and 30% of adults suffer from hay fever. Around 90% of those are allergic to grass pollen, with peak irritability being between May and July, but tree and weed pollens can also cause hay fever, and these range between February and September.   The typical symptoms of hayfever are: · A runny or blocked nose · Sneezing and coughing · Itchy or watery eyes   Hay fever is treated with antihistamine tablets / nasal sprays and eye drops (unless
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